In the middle of Russia’s war on Ukraine, Germany recognized the importance of the clean energy transformation this week, not just for a safe environment but also for short-term national defense, with a fresh set of legislation that will allow for nearly 100% renewable energy by 2035.
According to the amended Renewable Energy Sources Act, renewables will provide 80 percent of Germany’s electricity by 2030, and nearly 100 percent by 2035. The amended bills, known as the “Easter package,” entrench the idea that “renewable energy use is in the overwhelming public interest and promotes national security.”
Germany has now aligned itself with the International Energy Agency’s 2050 roadmap, which advises that OECD countries attain net-zero emissions in electricity generation by 2035. It puts Germany as the very first G7 country to pass legislation mandating sustainable energy by 2035, following the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. They are nevertheless lagging behind renewable energy leaders such as Uruguay, where renewables account for nearly 100% of power generation, and Kenya, where renewables account for over 90% of power generation.
Accelerated renewable power expansion is viewed as a critical component in reducing the country’s reliance on Russian fossil fuel resources while also improving national and European safety. Germany’s onshore wind energy output will be doubled to 115 gigawatts (GW), solar energy will be tripled to 215 GW, and offshore wind power is going to be expanded to 30 GW, according to the new 2030 plans.
Germany, as the G7’s leader this year, has the potential to strive toward G7 endorsement of renewable energy investment as a no-regrets path to independence from Russia.
According to Ember’s current Global Electricity Review, fossil fuels accounted for 47 percent of electricity produced in Germany in the year 2021, while renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power accounted for little under 29 percent.
When Christian Lindner, Germany’s finance minister, revealed about €200 billion in investments in decarbonization and greater sovereignty from imported fossil fuels supplies within the next 4 years, he referred to renewable energy sources as “freedom energies” that can help the country achieve greater energy independence.
“New energy and climate strategy measures are critical,” said Andreas Kuhlmann, the German Energy Agency’s head (dena). “We must do our share to fight worldwide climate change and guide our nation into a sustainable future, not only due to the Ukraine war but beyond all because we must lead our nation into a sustainable future. The consequences of the war in Ukraine are only a horrific new development that has convinced even the most skeptic.”
Ben Backwell, who is the Chief Executive Officer of the GWEC (Global Wind Energy Council), got to add that the GWEC applauds Germany’s increased dedication to wind power as a reaction to the existing worldwide energy disaster and that as president of G7 in 2022, Germany will demonstrate to other nations that wind and renewables are the pathways to a more sustainable and stable power system and that a number of reforms are going to be required to urgently speed up their deployment.
Mr. Backwell added, “We welcome the initiative to put in place a financing system to maintain strong incentives for investment in offshore and onshore wind power through to 2045, as well as the commitment to simplify licensing procedures to facilitate speedy deployment of projects. With this law, wind energy’s expanding role in the overarching public interest as a way to safeguard energy consumers and promote sustainable growth is gaining popularity, and we hope that more G7 and G20 nations follow suit.”